@article {15679,
	title = {Osteogenic induction of hBMSCs by electrospun scaffolds with dexamethasone release functionality.},
	journal = {Biomaterials},
	volume = {31},
	year = {2010},
	month = {2010-06-14 00:00:00},
	pages = {5875-5885},
	abstract = {

Electrospun structures were proposed as scaffolds owing to their morphological and structural simi- larities with the extracellular matrix found in many native tissues. These fibrous structures were also proposed as drug release systems by exploiting the direct dependence of the release rate of a drug on the surface area. An osteogenic differentiation factor, dexamethasone (DEX), was incorporated into elec- trospun polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers at different concentrations (5, 10, 15 and 20 wt.\% polymer), in a single-step process. The DEX incorporated into the polymeric carrier is in amorphous state, as deter- mined by DSC, and does not influence the typical nanofibers morphology. In vitro drug release studies demonstrated that the dexamethasone release was sustained over a period of 15 days. The bioactivity of the released dexamethasone was assessed by cultivating human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) on 15 wt.\% DEX-loaded PCL NFMs, under dexamethasone-absent osteogenic differentiation medium formulation. An increased concentration of alkaline phosphatase and deposition of a mineral- ized matrix was observed. Phenotypic and genotypic expression of osteoblastic-specific markers corroborates the osteogenic activity of the loaded growth/differentiation factor. Overall data suggests that the electrospun biodegradable nanofibers can be used as carriers for the sustained release of growth/differentiation factors relevant for bone tissue engineering strategies.

}, keywords = {Bone Tissue Engineering, Drug release, mesenchymal stem cells, Molecular biology, polycaprolactone}, author = {Martins, A. and Duarte, A. R. C. and Faria, S. and Marques, A. P. and Reis, R. L. and Neves, N. M.} }

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