@article {17902,
	title = {Short-term variability in biomarkers of bone metabolism in sheep.},
	journal = {Lab Animal},
	volume = {43},
	year = {2014},
	month = {2014-01-01 00:00:00},
	pages = {21-26},
	publisher = {Lab Animal},
	abstract = {Changes in bone remodeling during pathological states and during their treatment can be assessed noninvasively by measuring biomarkers of bone metabolism. Their application is limited, however, by the potential biological variability in the levels of these biomarkers over time. To determine the short-term variability in biomarkers of bone metabolism in adult sheep, the authors measured serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP), osteocalcin (OC), N-terminal propeptide of type-III procollagen (PIIINP), deoxypyridinoline (DPD), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), calcium and phosphorus intermittently over a 12-week period. There were significant differences in mean ALP activity and in phosphorus concentrations over time, but all other biomarkers showed no significant short-term variability. The results suggest that biomarkers of bone metabolism in sheep, especially the bone resorption marker DPD and the bone formation marker BALP, can be used reliably to detect changes in bone cellular activity.},
	keywords = {alkaline phosphatase, bone remodeling, osteocalcin},
	doi = {10.1038/laban.418},
	url = {http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24356018/reload=0;jsessionid=jOzGvjZLFgq9yslI3dzA.10},
	author = {Sousa, C. P. and Azevedo, J. T. and Reis, R. L. and Gomes, M. E. and Dias, I. R.}

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