Wetspun poly-L-(lactic acid)-borosilicate bioactive glass scaffolds for guided bone regeneration

last updated: 2016-11-10
ProjectPOLARIS :: publications list
TitleWetspun poly-L-(lactic acid)-borosilicate bioactive glass scaffolds for guided bone regeneration
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsFernandes J. S., Reis R. L., and Pires R. A.

We developed a porous Poly-L-Lactic Acid (PLLA) scaffold compounded with borosilicate bioactive glasses (BBGs) endowing it with bioactive properties. Porous PLLA-BBGs fibre mesh scaffolds were successfully prepared by the combination of wet spinning and fibre bonding techniques. Micro-computed tomography (μCT) confirmed that the PLLA-BBG scaffolds containing ≈ 25% of BBGs (w/w) exhibited randomly interconnected porous (58 to 62% of interconnectivity and 53 to 67% of porosity) with mean pore diameters higher that 100 μm. Bioactivity and degradation studies were performed by immersing the scaffolds in simulated body fluid (SBF) and ultrapure water, respectively. The PLLA-BBG scaffolds presented a faster degradation rate with a constant release of inorganic species, which are capable to produce calcium phosphate structures at the surface of the material after 7 days of immersion in SBF (Ca/P ratio of ~ 1.7). Cellular in vitro studies with human osteosarcoma cell line (Saos-2) and human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) showed that PLLA-BBGs are not cytotoxic to cells, while demonstrating their capacity to promote cell adhesion and proliferation. Overall, we showed that the proposed scaffolds present a tailored kinetics on the release of inorganic species and controlled biological response under conditions that mimic the bone physiological environment.

JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: C
Date Published2016-10-08
Keywordsbioactivity, Borosilicate bioactive glasses, Interconnected porosity, Poly-L-lactic acid, Scaffold
RightsembargoedAccess (6 Months)
Peer reviewedno

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