Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics Research Group

Papers in Scientific Journals

Alternative Tissue Engineering Scaffolds based on Starch: Processing Methodologies, Morphology, Degradation Behaviour and Mechanical Properties


An ideal tissue engineering scaffold must be designed from a polymer with an adequate degradation rate. The processing technique must
allow for the preparation of 3-D scaffolds with controlled porosity and adequate pore sizes, as well as tissue matching mechanical properties
and an appropriate biological response. This communication revises recent work that has been developed in our laboratories with the aim of
producing 3-D polymeric structures (from starch-based blends) with adequate properties to be used as scaffolds for bone tissue engineering
applications. Several processing methodologies were originally developed and optimised. Some of these methodologies were based on
conventional melt-based processing routes, such as extrusion using blowing agents (BA) and compression moulding (combined with
particulate leaching). Other developed technologies included solvent casting and particle leaching and an innovative in situ polymerization
method. By means of using the described methodologies, it is possible to tailor the properties of the different scaffolds, namely their
degradation, morphology and mechanical properties, for several applications in tissue engineering. Furthermore, the processing
methodologies (including the blowing agents used in the melt-based technologies) described above do not affect the biocompatible
behaviour of starch-based polymers. Therefore, scaffolds obtained from these materials by means of using one of the described methodologies
may constitute an important alternative to the materials currently used in tissue engineering.

Materials Science and Engineering: C Biomimetic and Supramolecular Systems
biodegradable scaffolds, starch-based polymers, Tissue engineering
Open Access
Peer Reviewed
Year of Publication
Date Published
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