Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics Research Group

Comunication - Oral

Natural deep eutectic solvents inspired in animals living in extreme environments: Characterization of physical and cytotoxicity properties


Natural deep eutectics solvents (NADES) are composed mostly of natural primary metabolites such as sugars,
sugar alcohols, organic acids, amino acids, and amines. Additionally water can also be incorporated in their
structure. These components have been identified in animals living in extreme temperature amplitudes
These eutectic solvents are the result of the creation of intermolecular hydrogen bonds between two and/or threecompounds, in correct molar ratio. [3,4] More recently, studies have demonstrated that stability and other properties, such as viscosity, conductivity and toxicity can be improved with the introduction of water as a tertiary component. This water is strongly retained in the NADES structure and cannot be evaporated. [2,5]
In this work, we report new NADES for possible application in cryopreservation, composed by sugars (e.g.,
trehalose, sucrose, and fructose), alcohols (e.g., glycerol), sugar alcohols (e.g., mannitol), amino acids (e.g.,
proline and histidine) and water. We report also experimental data for these NADES, namely physical properties and cytotoxicity. We studied the rheological properties such as viscosity in a temperature range from 258.15 K to313.15 K. Different water contents (10% to 80%) were tested and we observed that the viscosity is greatlydecreased by the presence of water. The evaluation of the thermal behaviour of the systems, between 183.15 K and 313.15 K, showed that NADES has a strong effect on the crystallization of water. At high NADES contents nocrystallization event are observed. The cytotoxicity of the NADES studied, presented different cellular responsesand increasing water concentration increases cell viability, which may be related to the decrease of the viscosityof the solutions.
These results demonstrate that tuning the physical properties of NADES will lead to different biological responses.
In this sense, it is essential to understand how the physical and biological properties are related and to perform
the characterization of the systems.

The Internation Symposium on Green Chemistry
characterization, cytotoxicity properties, Natural deep eutectic solvents
Open Access
Peer Reviewed
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Date Published
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