Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics Research Group

Papers in Scientific Journals

Human tendon-derived cell sheets created by magnetic force-based tissue engineering hold tenogenic and immunomodulatory potential


Cell sheet technology and magnetic based tissue engineering hold the potential to become instrumental in developing magnetically responsive living tissues analogues that can be potentially used both for modeling and therapeutical purposes. Cell sheet constructions more closely recreate physiological niches, through the preservation of contiguous cells and cell-ECM interactions, which assist the cellular guidance in regenerative processes.

We herein propose to use magnetically assisted cell sheets (magCSs) constructed with human tendon-derived cells (hTDCs) and magnetic nanoparticles to study inflammation activity upon magCSs exposure to IL-1β, anticipating its added value for tendon disease modeling.

Our results show that IL-1β induces an inflammatory profile in magCSs, supporting its in vitro use to enlighten inflammation mediated events in tendon cells. Moreover, the response of magCSs to IL-1β is modulated by pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulation, favoring the expression of anti-inflammatory genes, which seems to be associated to MAPK(ERK1/2) pathway. The anti-inflammatory response to PEMF together with the immunomodulatory potential of magCSs opens new perspectives for their applicability on tendon regeneration that goes beyond advanced cell based modeling.

Acta Biomaterialia
Inflammation, Magnetic cell sheets, Magnetic nanoparticles, Tendon derived cells
Open Access
Peer Reviewed
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