Novel Gellan Gum Hydrogels for Tissue Engineering of Intervertebral Disc

last updated: 2019-12-05
ProjectDisc Regeneration :: publications list
TitleNovel Gellan Gum Hydrogels for Tissue Engineering of Intervertebral Disc
Publication TypeConference Abstract -ISI Web of Science Indexed
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsPereira D. R., Silva-Correia J., Caridade S. G., Sousa R. A., Oliveira J. M., Mano J. F., and Reis R. L.

Objectives: Centrally situated in the intervertebral disc (IVD) structure, the nucleus pulposus (NP) is a gel-like tissue containing proteoglycan (PG) such as versican, biglycan, decorin, fibromodulin, luminican and especially aggrecan. NP has an important structural role in the IVD, and upon damage it possesses a limited self-repair capacity. Therefore, the main purpose of this work was to develop novel gellan gum-based hydrogel (GG) formulations consisting of GG MPs dispersed in a GG matrix for finding application as an NP substitute. Methods: Several GG MP/hydrogels discs formulations were prepared by means of mixing high and low acyl GG at different ratio, namely 75%:25% (v/v); 50%:50% (v/v), 25%:75% (v/v); HAGG 0.75% and LAGG 2%, respectively. The GG MP/hydrogel discs formulations were investigated by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), swelling behavior and degradation rate. The possible cytotoxicity of MP/hydrogel discs leachables was screened in vitro by means of using a rat lung fibroblast-like cell (L929 cells) line. In order to qualitatively investigate the encapsulation efficacy of L929 cells into the GG MP/hydrogel discs a Live/ Dead cell viability assay was also carried out. Results and Discussion: The developed GG MPs/hydrogel discs were physico-chemically characterized by FTIR and 1 H-NMR, and GG MPs size was measured by a stereomicroscope by means of staining the MPs with Toluidine BlueO. From DMA analysis, we observed that the optimal outcome to reinforce GG matrices may be in the range of 50-500 mg/mL of incorporated MPs. The cell culture studies demonstrated that MP/hydrogels discs are non-cytotoxic over L929 cells. Complementarily, it was also demonstrated that L929 cells can be successfully encapsulated in the GG MP of different formulation and that were viable after 72 hours of culturing. Conclusions: The developed GG MPs/hydrogel discs are promising hydrogels for being used in IVD tissue engineering applications.

JournalThe International Journal of Artificial Organs
Date Published2011-10-19
KeywordsGellan Gum, intervertebral disc
Peer reviewedno

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