Given the significant spatial and temporal heterogeneity in antimicrobial resistance
distribution and the factors that affect its evolution, dissemination, and persistence, it
is important to highlight that antimicrobial resistance must be viewed as an ecological
problem. Monitoring the resistance prevalence of indicator bacteria such as Escherichia coli
and enterococci in wild animals makes it possible to show that wildlife has the potential
to serve as an environmental reservoir and melting pot of bacterial resistance. These
researchers address the issue of antimicrobial-resistant microorganism proliferation in the
environment and the related potential human health and environmental impact.