Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics Research Group

Comunications - Poster

Synthesis and anticoagulant activity of glycosaminoglycan copolymers


Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are one of the main building elements of the pericellular space, where they can either determine the physical characteristics of tissues or modulate the biological functions of cells by their involvement in different cell signaling pathways, including the inflammation and coagulation cascades [1-2]. Because of their diverse bioactivities proteoglycans (PGs) have been suggested as therapeutics for various diseases including thrombosis [3]. The difficulties in PG isolation and purification have encouraged the development of biomimicking glycopolymers, glycodendrimers and nanoparticles that comprises synthetic polymers with different architectures and carbohydrates [3]. Nevertheless, in the vast majority of procedures, the carbohydrate portion is limited to mono- or oligosaccharides that are too short to resemble the multivalent interactions of GAGs. Moreover, the attachment mode (side-on) can obstruct GAG’s bioactivity. In this work, we show an alternative approach in which GAGs (chondroitin sulfate and heparin) with longer chains (molecular weight up to 14 kDa) are attached via their reducing end to hydroxyethyl methacrylate or hyperbranched polyglycerol by end-on oxime ligation. We prove that the acquired glycomimics have preserved GAGs bioactivity. Indeed, after the incubation with human plasma, star-like heparin copolymers increased clotting time in all the tests performed (Thrombin, Prothrombin and Activated Partial thromboplastin time), which demonstrates a strong anticoagulant activity. These outcomes indicate that the obtained glycomimics can be used as substitute to natural PGs due to a closer mimic of the natural structures.

International Symposium on Bioinspired Macromolecular Systems
anticoagulant activity, copolymers, Glycosaminoglycans
Open Access
Peer Reviewed
Year of Publication
Date Published
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